Margaret Thatcher, also known as the 'Iron Lady' was the first woman to be elected as a head of state and was the longest serving British Prime Minister of the century. Her conservative party took office in 1979 and stayed until 1990. A Soviet journalist nicknamed her the "Iron Lady", which later became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style. As prime minister, she implemented conservative policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism.
She was the first women to be elected as a European Head of State and she won three consecutive elections. Her main moves as PM were
- Her Govt. stayed out of economics
-Individuals were given greater freedoms
-Reduced public expenditures
-Known for being very harsh in dealing with the Argentinians in the Falkland Islands War (which made her extremely popular)
-Promoted independence for Mozambique